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Thursday 20 June 2019 10.45 - 12.15
D-2 GLM14 Identity Formation and Circuits of Mobility in the Age of Post-Slavery Indenture
Nikolaevsky
Chair: Cristiana Bastos Organizer: Nicholas Miller
Discussant: Virginia Dominguez
Cristiana Bastos : Latitudes of Indenture: Portuguese Islanders in Post-Abolition Guiana Plantations and in Hawai'i
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Nicholas Miller : Circuits of Labour Ideologies: Go-betweens and the Suriname-Hawai'i-Tahiti Nexus of Indenture, 1865-1869
This paper takes up the circuits by which ideas, ideologies and policies of indentured labour circulated beyond the British Empire in the mid nineteenth century. The 1860s witnessed a landmark point in the globalisation of indenture with the initiation of formal indentured labour emigration from Southern China to Suriname, Hawai‘i ... (Show more)
This paper takes up the circuits by which ideas, ideologies and policies of indentured labour circulated beyond the British Empire in the mid nineteenth century. The 1860s witnessed a landmark point in the globalisation of indenture with the initiation of formal indentured labour emigration from Southern China to Suriname, Hawai‘i and Tahiti during this time period. Bureaucrats and agents from each of these three contexts converged upon Hong Kong around 1865 to procure indentured labourers from the partnership between German missionary-turned-labour expert Wilhelm Lobscheid and the Chinese shipping firm Wo Hang, thereby linking the trade of migrant bodies with a circulation of imperial policies and strategies for facilitating tropical agriculture production. By identifying these go-betweens, mapping their movements, and analysing the discourses circulated between them, this paper seeks to suggest future directions for exploring the transnational and interregional spaces created from indenture. Indentured labour, I argue, must be understood as a distinct moment in the history of population planning, and moreover, a central technology of the nineteenth-century global tropical plantation complex. (Show less)

Marcelo Moura Mello : Madeiran Indentured Labour, Emancipation and Plantation Life in 19th Century British Guiana
Between 1834 and 1882 more than 30,000 Portuguese from Madeira arrived in British Guiana to work as indentured labourers in sugar plantations. After some years Madeirans established themselves in towns, as Georgetown and New Amsterdam, developing trade and commercial activities. Due to their Catholic and regional origins, Portuguese in British ... (Show more)
Between 1834 and 1882 more than 30,000 Portuguese from Madeira arrived in British Guiana to work as indentured labourers in sugar plantations. After some years Madeirans established themselves in towns, as Georgetown and New Amsterdam, developing trade and commercial activities. Due to their Catholic and regional origins, Portuguese in British Guiana were never considered as White or Europeans by the English ruling class, nor by the Black Creole population. In this paper, I will discuss push-factors from the migration of Madeirans to the Caribbean, the dynamics of integration and assimilation of Madeirans in British Guiana plantation society, their conflicts with Black Creoles, as well as the colonial categories surrounding the identification of Portuguese in British Guiana, stressing the relevance of religious affiliations (Show less)



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